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Evidence Supporting the Efficacy of the Co-Active® Model

Aldao, A. (2014). Why labeling emotions matters: An at-home experiment on emotion labeling. Psychology Today. Retrieved from

Arnsten, A. F. T. (2009). Stress signaling pathways that impair prefrontal cortex structure and function. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10(6), 410-422.

Betz, A. (2011, December 5). The goldilocks of the brain (your pre-frontal cortex) [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Betz, A. (2012). Co-active coaching and the brain: Neuroscience research supports the efficacy of the co-active model. Retrieved from

Betz, A. (2013, March 10). Metaphors are lint catchers for the brain [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Betz, A. (2015, February 6). The power of dreaming, the power of action [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Betz, A. (2016). This is your brain on coaching: The neuroscience of the international coach federation coaching competencies. Retrieved from

Betz, A., & Kimsey-House, K. (2015). Integration: The power of being co-active in work and life. Alresford, Hants, UK: Changemakers Books.

Bloom, J. S., & Hynd, G. W. (2005). The role of the corpus callosum in interhemispheric transfer of information: Excitation or inhibition? Neuropsychology Review, 15(2), 59-71.

Boyatzis, R. (2012). Neuroscience and the link between inspirational leadership and resonant relationships. Ivey Business Journal. Retrieved from

Boyatzis, R. & Jack, A. (2010, November 15). Coaching with compassion can 'light up' human thoughts [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Boyatzis, R. E., Rochford, K., & Jack, A. I. (2014). Antagonistic neural networks underlying differentiated leadership roles. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8. Retrieved from

Brown, S. (2010). The neuroscience of play: What play does for you and your brain, and what happens to you if you don't play [video file]. Retrieved from

Cann, A., & Collette, C. (2014). Sense of humor, stable affect, and psychological well-being. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 10(3). Retrieved from

Chen, C. (2010). Interplay between default-mode and task-positive networks: Functional characterization of the brain's large-scale neural systems (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from

Cheng, D., & Wang, L. (2015). Examining the energizing effects of humor: The influence of humor on persistence behavior. Journal of Business and Psychology, 30(4), 759–772.

Clark, C. N., & Warren, J. D. (2014). The neurology of hunour. Advances in Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation. Retrieved from

Collins, F. (2014, March 18). Creative minds: Making sense of stress and the brain [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Cooper, B. B. (2013, May 21). Novelty and the brain: Why new things make us feel so good [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Cozolino, L. (2017). The neuroscience of psychotherapy: Healing the social brain. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Creswell, J. D., Welch, W. T., Taylor, S. E., Sherman, D. K., Gruenewald, T. L., & Mann, T. (2005). Affirmation of personal values buffers neuroendocrine and psychological stress responses. Psychological Science, 16(11), 846-51. Retrieved from

Cuddy, A. (2015). Presence: Bringing your boldest self to your biggest challenges. New York, NY: Little, Brown and Company.

Doidge, N. (2007). The brain that changes itself: Stories of personal triumph from the frontiers of brain science. New York, NY: Penguin Books.

Eagleman, D. (2011). Incognito: The secret lives of the brain. New York, NY: Vintage Books.

Force, N. (2010, October 20). Humor, neuroplasticity and the power to change your mind [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Ford, T. E., Lapp, S. K., & Holden, C. J. (2016). Personality, humor styles and happiness: Happy people have positive humor styles. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 12(3). Retrieved from

Fox, M. D., Snyder, A. Z., Vincent, J. L., Corbetta, M., Van Essen, D. C., & Raichle, M. E. (2005). The human brain is intrinsically organized into dynamic, anticorrelated functional networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102(27), 9673–9678.

Gruber, M., Gelman, B., & Ranganath, C. (2014). States of curiosity modulate hippocampus-dependent learning via the dopaminergic circuit. Neuron, 84(2), 486-496.

Hanson, R., & Mendius, R. (2009). Buddha's brain: The practical neuroscience of happiness, love, and wisdom. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.

Hawkins, D. R. (2012). Power vs. force. Carlsbad, CA: Hay House, Inc.

Holt, J. (2005). Of two minds. The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved from

Kolb, B., Gibb, R., & Robinson, T. Brain plasticity and behavior. Psychological Science. Retrieved from

Langer, E. (2014). On mindfulness and the art of noticing things at work and play. Health Matters. Retrieved from

Lieberman, M. D. (2013). Social: Why our brains are wired to connect. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Luders, E., Clark, K., Narr, K., &Toga, A. (2011). Enhanced brain connectivity in long-term meditation practitioners. NeuroImage, 57(4), 1308-16.

Martin, R., & Kuiper, N. A. (2016). Three decades investigating humor and laughter: An interview with professor Rod Martin. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 12(3), 498-512.

Mastin, L. (2012, August 14). Right left right wrong? An investigation of handedness – some facts, myths, truths, opinions and research [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Mate, G. (2010). In the realm of hungry ghosts: Close encounters with addiction. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.

McCraty, R., Bradley, R. T., & Tomasino, D. (2005). The resonant heart. Retrieved from

McGilchrist, I. (2009). The master and his emissary: The divided brain and the making of the western world. Padstow, Cornwall, UK: TJ International Ltd.

McGilchrist, I. (2010). Attention and the hemispheres: How attention changes the world. Psychology Today. Retrieved from

Porges, S. W. (2011). The polyvagal theory: Neurophysiological foundations of emotions, attachment, communication, and self-regulation. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Recker, G. T., Peacock, E. J., & Wong, P. T. (1987). Meaning and purpose in life and well-being. Journal of Gerontology, 42(1), 44-49.

Rochford, K. (2014). The opposing domains of leadership: Integrating task and relationship. Retrieved from

Rock, D. (2008). SCARF: A brain-based model for collaborating with and influencing others. NeuroLeadership Journal, 1. Retrieved from

Rock, D. (2009). Your brain at work: Strategies for overcoming distraction, regaining focus, and working smarter all day long. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers

. Rock, D., & Page, L. J. (2009). Coaching with the brain in mind: Foundations for practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Siegel, D. J. (2010). Mindsight: The new science of personal transformation. New York, NY: Bantam Books.

Siegel, D. J. (2012). Pocket guide to interpersonal neurobiology. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Sheldrake, R. (2009). Morphic resonance: The nature of formative causation. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press.

Smith, A. (2014, September 24). Embodied cognition: Thinking with your body [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Stix, G. (2014). New clues to just how much the adult brain can change. Scientific American. Retrieved from

Taylor, J. B. (2006). My stroke of insight: A brain scientist's personal journey. New York, NY: Penguin Group, Inc.

Treadway, M. T., & Lazar, S. W. (2010). Meditation and neuroplasticity: Using mindfulness to change the brain (Chapter 7). In Assessing mindfulness and acceptance processes in clients: Illuminating the theory and practice of change (pp. 185-206). Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.

Umeå University. (2014). Neurons in human skin perform advanced calculations. ScienceDaily. Retrieved from

Valeo, T. (2013, September). When labeling an emotion quiets it [Blog post]. Retrieved from
 Wegela, K. K. (2010). Practicing mindfulness without meditating: How to cultivate mindfulness without meditation. Psychology Today. Retrieved from

Wilkins, A. (2012, February 8). Metaphors actually trigger the sensory parts of our brains [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Wolynn, M. (2016). It didn't start with you: How inherited family trauma shapes who we are and how to end the cycle. New York, NY: Penguin Books.

Zull, J. E. (2002). The art of changing the brain: Enriching the practice of teaching by exploring the biology of learning. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, LLC.

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Disclaimer: Although Linda M. H. Bollé is licensed as a Clinical Psychologist in the State of Massachusetts, her coaching practice does not include the rendering of psychotherapeutic advice or services. Coaching does not involve either the diagnosis of mental illness or its treatment, and is not a substitute for professional counseling or psychotherapy.